Fukui ... the following table. Yamagata Nagano b. As there are 101 départements in France, there are 101 préfectures. 25. CHAPTER 1 An Outline of Local Government in Japan Introduction Local government systems and practices vary significantly from country to country; for the most part, however, the main elements are similar. English translations given are those most commonly used. In the context of Chinese history during or after the Tang Dynasty, the word "prefecture" is used to translate zhou (Wade–Giles chou (州), another ancient unit of administration in China, equivalent to the modern province. Shiga The Arcadia prefecture as the wide area local government (Nomo's) before the カリクラティス reform (2010) was comprised of 23 following basic local governments (22 D muslin, one キノティタ). [aꜜitɕi] and [ꜜkeɴ] become [aitɕi̥ꜜkeɴ]). Which of the following countries has a federal system of government? Each prefecture and province are subdivided in their turn into districts (cercles, sing. Nara When the modern municipalities – [district-independent] cities and [rural] districts containing towns and villages – were introduced under the Yamagata-Mosse laws on local government and the simultaneous Great Meiji merger was performed in 1889, the 15 -ku became wards of Tokyo City, initially Tokyo's only independent city (-shi), the six rural districts of Tokyo were consolidated in 85 towns and villages. Existing cross-prefectural fora of cooperation between local governments in the Tokyo metropolitan area are the Kantō regional governors' association (Kantō chihō chijikai) and the "Shutoken summit" (formally "conference of chief executives of nine prefectures and cities", 9 to-ken-shi shunō kaigi). The infrastructure development is estimated to cost $7 billion. Highly effective (rating value: 3; weighted rating: 1.05) Efficiency (weight: 0.30) There was a delay in the TA implementation (11 months). A prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) is an administrative jurisdiction traditionally governed by an appointed prefect. 10. Japan's Kagawa prefecture will cull 850,000 chickens at two poultry farms after the country detected a bird flu outbreak earlier this month, the local government said in a statement on Friday. Tokyo is referred to as to (都, [toꜜ]), which is often translated as "metropolis". Aichi Prefecture is located almost at the center of Japan. Tochigi The new government in power, however, decides to hand over the rights to conduct elections to the state governments in the country in order to ensure better representation and participation. The Meiji government originally classified Hokkaido as a "Settlement Envoyship" (開拓使, kaitakushi), and later divided the island into three prefectures (Sapporo, Hakodate, and Nemuro). Learn more. Each part of the United Kingdom has a distinct system of local government. After World War II, the Soviet Union occupied the territory. India. in the parts of the country previously controlled directly by the shogunate and a few territories of rebels/shogunate loyalists who had not submitted to the new government such as Aizu/Wakamatsu. In France a prefecture is an agency for local application of the authority of central rather than local (or locally-elected) government. Each prefecture's chief executive is a directly elected governor (知事, chiji). Administratively, today's special wards are almost indistinguishable from other municipalities. 9. The Classical Chinese character from which this is derived carries a rural or provincial connotation, and an analogous character is used to refer to the counties of China, counties of Taiwan and districts of Vietnam. Historically, during the Edo period, the Tokugawa shogunate established bugyō-ruled zones (奉行支配地) around the nine largest cities in Japan, and 302 township-ruled zones (郡代支配地) elsewhere. They include 43 prefectures (県, ken, [keꜜɴ]) proper, two urban prefectures (府, fu, [ɸɯꜜ]; Osaka and Kyoto), one "circuit" or "territory" (道, dō, [doꜜː]; Hokkaido) and one "metropolis" (都, to, [toꜜ]; Tokyo). All of these documents have provided for a National Assembly with a prime minister as head of government. A joint governmental structure for the whole Tokyo metropolitan area (and not only the western suburbs of the special wardswhich are part of the Tokyo prefecture/Metropolis") as advocated by some politicians such as former Kanagawa governor Shigefumi Matsuzawa has not been established (see also Dōshūsei). The Central African Republic is divided into sixteen prefectures. Over the past 33 years, it has seen significant growth, from its original 848 participants from 4 countries in 1987, to 5,761 participants from 57 countries at present.  As of August 2012[update], this plan was abandoned. World Governments. Also, the governor was no longer called chiji, but chōkan (~"head/chief [usually: of a central government agency]") as in Hokkaidō). Aichi, 24. While local authorities have implemented diverse measures in line with central government’s policies, they also began actively rolling out independent measures. While almost every government since 1932 has accepted constitutional authority, the country has had 17 constitutions, the most recent drafted in 2007. That term occurs also in otherwise styled offices, such as the head of a congregation or department of the Roman Curia. Chiba Prefecture has a population of 6,278,060 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 5,157 km 2 (1,991 sq mi). d. It established a federal system of government for the Republic. Ishikawa The West's use of "prefecture" to label these Japanese regions stems from 16th-century Portuguese explorers' and traders' use of "prefeitura" to describe the fiefdoms they encountered there. Although there were initially over 300 prefectures, many of them being former han territories, this number was reduced to 72 in the latter part of 1871, and 47 in 1888. The plan called for each region to have greater autonomy than existing prefectures. Is that the distinction that’s being made? Japan is divided into 47 prefectures (Japanese: 都道府県, todōfuken, [todoːɸɯ̥ꜜkeɴ]), forming the country's first level of jurisdiction and administrative division. 21. Kumamoto Prefecture originally refers to a self-governing body or area since the tetrarchy, when Emperor Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into four districts (each divided into dioceses), grouped under a Vicarius (a number of Roman provinces, listed under that article), although he maintained two pretorian prefectures as an administrative level above the also surviving dioceses (a few of which were split). Japan - Japan - Government and society: Japan’s constitution was promulgated in 1946 and came into force in 1947, superseding the Meiji Constitution of 1889. It is a good strategy for the three levels of government to collaborate in developing the MCH Intervention Project. The Soviet Union turned it over to the People's Republic of China in 1955. parts of the country previously controlled directly by the shogunate, a dedicated municipal police agency for the 23 special wards/former Tokyo City, International Organization for Standardization, List of Japanese prefectures by population#Historical demography of prefectures of Japan, List of Japanese prefectures by population, List of Japanese prefectures by GDP per capita, List of Japanese prefectures by Human Development Index, List of Japanese prefectures by life expectancy, List of Japanese prefectures by highest mountain, Few warm to greater-Tokyo assembly idea. This process would reduce the number of subprefecture administrative regions and cut administrative costs. Mie A canton is a type of administrative division of a country. Which of the following concerning the Texas Constitution of 1836 is not correct? Ordinances and budgets are enacted by a unicameral assembly (議会, gikai) whose members are elected for four-year terms. Hokkai-dō (北海道, [hokkaꜜidoː]), the only remaining dō today, was not one of the original seven dō (it was known as Ezo in the pre-modern era). De facto, prefectures as well as municipalities have often been less autonomous than the formal extent of the local autonomy law suggests, because. Though the fiefs have long since been dismantled, merged, and reorganized multiple times, and been granted legislative governance and oversight, the rough translation stuck. the Tōkaidō east-coast region, and Saikaido west-coast region). Gifu 47. 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